Affirm Reports Fiscal Year 2021 Third Quarter Results

Exceeds Third Quarter Financial Outlook and Raises Outlook for Fiscal Year 2021

Accelerates Year-Over-Year Gross Merchandise Volume Growth to 83%

Activates Shop Pay Installments for More Than 10,000 Shopify Merchants as of Today

SAN FRANCISCO–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Affirm Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: AFRM) (“Affirm” or the “Company”), the payment network that empowers consumers and helps merchants drive growth, today reported financial results for its fiscal 2021 third quarter ended March 31, 2021.

“Affirm’s strong third quarter results reflect continued progress toward building the most valuable and transparent financial network for consumers and merchants,” said Max Levchin, founder and CEO of Affirm. “During the period, we more than doubled the number of merchants on our platform, accelerated GMV growth to 83%, and increased active consumers by 60% year-over-year.”

Levchin continued, “We are seeing strong momentum in our business as we advance our growth strategy. In recent weeks, we have activated Shop Pay Installments powered by Affirm for more than 10,000 Shopify merchants. We expect this number to significantly increase as we move towards general availability in June. Looking ahead, we believe the strengthening health of the consumer, Affirm’s deep and diverse merchant partnerships, and our unrivaled technology will position us to capture a substantial share of our expanding market opportunities. We are just getting started and we look forward to demonstrating the full power of Affirm as the economy continues to reopen.”

Third Quarter of Fiscal Year 2021 Operating Highlights:

  • Gross merchandise volume (“GMV”) for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 was $2.3 billion, an increase of 83%, or 100% excluding Peloton, compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020
  • Active merchants more than doubled to nearly 12,000 from March 31, 2020 to March 31, 2021
  • Active consumers grew 60% to 5.4 million from March 31, 2020 to March 31, 2021
  • Transactions per active consumer were approximately 2.3 as of March 31, 2021, an increase of 10% when compared to March 31, 2020

Third Quarter of Fiscal Year 2021 Financial Highlights:1

  • Total revenue was $230.7 million, a 67% increase when compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020, driven primarily by increases in network revenue and interest income, related to growth in GMV and loans held for investment, respectively. Total revenue includes a $3.5 million reduction to revenue recorded in relation to the estimated financial impact of Peloton’s voluntary recall of its Tread+ and Tread products
  • Total revenue less transaction costs1 was $133.7 million, compared to $(9.3) million in the third quarter of fiscal 2020, primarily as a result of the strong revenue growth; third quarter of fiscal 2021 transaction costs included an $83.3 million year-over-year decrease in provision for credit losses driven by an improved credit outlook
  • Operating loss was $169.5 million compared to $81.5 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2020, and includes a $131.8 million increase in stock-based compensation following our January 2021 initial public offering
  • Adjusted operating income for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 was $4.9 million, compared to the adjusted operating loss of $70.7 million reported in the third quarter of fiscal 2020
  • Net loss for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 was $247.2 million compared to $85.6 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2020, and includes the increase in stock-based compensation following the IPO as well as a $78.5 million adjustment to reflect the change in fair value of the contingent consideration liability associated with our acquisition of PayBright Inc., driven by changes in the value of our common stock

Recent Business Highlights

  • Exiting the third quarter, the Company began to see GMV growth accelerate in categories with pent-up demand, such as Travel and Ticketing, which grew by more than 50% from the third quarter of fiscal 2020 and nearly tripled from the second quarter of fiscal 2021
  • In April, the Company began to scale its onboarding of merchants related to its exclusive partnership with Shopify Inc. (“Shopify”), bringing total Shopify merchants on Affirm’s platform to more than 10,000 as of May 10, 2021, up from the 100 merchants in the Company’s pilot; the Company now expects to reach general availability for Shopify merchants by the end of June 2021
  • On May 1, 2021, the Company completed its acquisition of Returnly Technologies, Inc. (“Returnly”), a leader in online return experiences and post-purchase payments that serves more than 1,800 merchants and has been used by over 8 million shoppers

     

“Our financial results in the third quarter exceeded our expectations,” said Michael Linford, CFO of Affirm. “We delivered strong growth across categories, while improving unit economics and capital efficiency. We are well-positioned to capture the large and expanding market opportunities ahead.”

Financial Outlook

The following table summarizes Affirm’s financial outlook for the fiscal fourth quarter and full year 2021 periods. The company raised its outlook for fiscal year 2021 to reflect the momentum in the business exiting the third fiscal quarter, which continued through April.

 

 

Fiscal Q4 2021

 

Fiscal Year 2021

GMV

 

$2.20 to $2.25 billion

 

$8.01 to $8.06 billion

Revenue

 

$215 to $225 million

 

$824 to $834 million

Transaction Costs

 

$135 to $140 million

 

$460 to $465 million

Revenue Less Transaction Costs

 

$80 to $85 million

 

$364 to $369 million

Adjusted Operating Loss

 

$(55) to $(50) million

 

$(55) to $(50) million

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding

 

270 million

 

160 million

The Company’s financial outlook for the fiscal fourth quarter and full year 2021 includes the following items:

  • The estimated impact of returns related to Peloton’s recently announced voluntary Tread+ and Tread recall
  • The estimated impact on future revenue related to Peloton’s Tread+ and Tread recall
  • The estimated impact of the Returnly acquisition, which closed on May 1, 2021, however, is not expected to be material to Affirm’s fourth fiscal quarter 2021 results of operations
  • The impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments — Credit Losses (Topic 326)” (“CECL”) on full year 2021 guidance. The adoption resulted in a $16.3 million decrease to previously reported provision for credit losses for the first half of fiscal 2021 as a result of the reduction in the allowance for credit losses

New Executive and Board Appointments

Affirm also announced that Katherine Adkins will be assuming the role of Chief Legal Officer (“CLO”), effective June 30, 2021. The appointment follows the decision by Sharda Caro del Castillo, Affirm’s Chief Legal Officer, to step down from her role at Affirm.

“Sharda led our legal team during a critical and historic time for our company as we conducted our initial public offering, navigated an unprecedented market period, and achieved tremendous growth. She has been a trusted and valued leader, and I sincerely thank her and wish her all the best,” said Max Levchin. “I am also pleased to congratulate Katherine on her new role. She has been a valuable member of our legal team since 2019, and we look forward to her joining the executive team.”

Ms. Adkins most recently served as a senior member of Affirm’s legal team. As CLO of Affirm, she will be responsible for the oversight of all legal matters and will assist the Board and management as we continue to grow Affirm for the long term.

Additionally, Affirm announced that Libor Michalek, Affirm’s President, Technology, has been appointed to the Company’s Board of Directors effective immediately. Mr. Michalek brings deep software, systems, security, machine learning, and engineering experience to the Board. He is one of the most highly regarded technologists in the fintech industry and has played a critical role in the development of the proprietary technology platform that is core to Affirm’s business model. His appointment reflects Affirm’s commitment to ongoing innovation and to building best-in-class technology that delivers honest financial products to consumers and merchants at scale.

Conference Call

Affirm will host a conference call and webcast to discuss third quarter fiscal year 2021 financial results on Monday, May 10, 2021, at 5:00pm ET. Hosting the call will be Max Levchin, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, and Michael Linford, Chief Financial Officer. The conference call will be webcast live from the Company’s investor relations website at https://investors.affirm.com/. A replay will be available on the investor relations website following the call.

Key Operating Metrics, Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Supplemental Performance Indicators

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

Nine Months Ended March 31,

 

2020

 

2021

 

2020

 

2021

 

(in millions, except GMV and percent data) (unaudited)

GMV (in billions)

$

1.2

 

$

2.3

 

$

3.4

 

$

5.8

 

Total Revenue, net

$

138.3

 

$

230.7

 

$

356.2

 

$

608.7

 

Total Revenue as a % of GMV

 

11.2

%

 

10.2

%

 

10.4

%

 

10.5

%

Transaction Costs

$

147.6

 

$

97.0

 

$

302.9

 

$

324.8

 

Transaction Costs as a % of GMV

 

12.0

%

 

4.3

%

 

8.8

%

 

5.6

%

Revenue Less Transaction Costs

$

(9.3

)

$

133.7

 

$

53.3

 

$

283.9

 

Revenue Less Transaction Costs as a % of GMV

 

(0.8

)%

 

5.9

%

 

1.6

%

 

4.9

%

Operating Loss

$

(81.5

)

$

(169.5

)

$

(147.1

)

$

(229.5

)

Adjusted Operating (Loss) Income

$

(70.7

)

$

4.9

 

$

(115.0

)

$

0.2

 

Operating Margin

 

(58.9

)%

 

(73.5

)%

 

(41.3

)%

 

(37.7

)%

Adjusted Operating Margin

 

(51.1

)%

 

2.1

%

 

(32.3

)%

 

%

Net Loss

$

(85.6

)

$

(247.2

)

$

(147.4

)

$

(277.7

)

 

March 31, 2020

 

June 30, 2020

 

March 31, 2021

 

(unaudited)

Active Consumers (in millions)

 

3.3

 

 

3.6

 

 

5.4

 

Transactions per Active Consumer

 

2.1

 

 

2.1

 

 

2.3

 

Active Merchants (in thousands)

 

4.8

 

 

5.7

 

 

11.5

 

Total Platform Portfolio (in billions)

$

2.4

 

$

2.5

 

$

4.2

 

Equity Capital Required (in millions)

$

229.5

 

$

220.8

 

$

206.6

 

Equity Capital Required as a % of Total Platform Portfolio

 

9.8

%

 

8.9

%

 

4.9

%

Allowance for Credit Losses as a % of Loans Held for Investment

 

14.6

%

 

9.2

%

 

5.2

%

Key Operating Metrics

  • Gross Merchandise Volume (“GMV”) – The Company defines GMV as the total dollar amount of all transactions on the Affirm platform during the applicable period, net of refunds. GMV does not represent revenue earned by the Company. However, the Company believes that GMV is a useful operating metric to both the Company and investors in assessing the volume of transactions that take place on the Company’s platform, which is an indicator of the success of the Company’s merchants and the strength of that platform.
  • Active Consumers – The Company defines an active consumer as a consumer who engages in at least one transaction on its platform during the 12 months prior to the measurement date. The Company believes that active consumers is a useful operating metric to both the Company and investors in assessing consumer adoption and engagement and measuring the size of the Company’s network.
  • Transactions per Active Consumer – Transactions per active consumer is defined as the average number of transactions that an active consumer has conducted on its platform during the 12 months prior to the measurement date. The Company believes that transactions per active consumer is a useful operating metric to both the Company and investors in assessing consumer engagement and repeat usage, which is an indicator of the value of the Company’s network.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

  • Transaction Costs – The Company defines transaction costs as the sum of loss on loan purchase commitment, provision for credit losses, funding costs, and processing and servicing expense. The Company believes that transaction costs is a useful financial measure to both the Company and investors of those costs, which vary with the volume of transactions processed on the Company’s platform.
  • Transaction Costs as a Percentage of GMV – The Company defines transaction costs as a percentage of GMV as transaction costs, as defined above, as a percentage of GMV, as defined above. The Company believes that transaction costs as a percentage of GMV is a useful financial measure to both the Company and investors as it approximates the variable cost efficiency of transactions processed on the Company’s platform.
  • Revenue Less Transaction Costs – The Company defines revenue less transaction costs as GAAP total revenue less transaction costs, as defined above. The Company believes that revenue less transaction costs is a useful financial measure to both the Company and investors of the economic value generated by transactions processed on the Company’s platform.
  • Revenue Less Transaction Costs as a Percentage of GMV – The Company defines revenue less transaction costs as a percentage of GMV as revenue less transaction costs, as defined above, as a percentage of GMV, as defined above. The Company believes that revenue less transaction costs as a percentage of GMV is a useful financial measure to both the Company and investors of the unit economics of transactions processed on the Company’s platform.
  • Adjusted Operating (Loss) Income – The Company defines adjusted operating (loss) income as its GAAP operating loss, excluding: (a) depreciation and amortization; (b) stock-based compensation included in GAAP operating loss; (c) the amortization of its commercial agreement asset; and (d) certain other costs as set forth in the reconciliation of adjusted operating (loss) income to GAAP operating loss included in the tables at the end of this press release. Adjusted operating (loss) income is presented because the Company believes that it is a useful financial measure to both the Company and investors for evaluating its operating performance and that it facilitates period to period comparisons of the Company’s results of operations as the items excluded generally are not a function of the Company’s operating performance.
  • Adjusted Operating Margin – The Company defines adjusted operating margin as its adjusted operating (loss) income, as defined above, as a percentage of its GAAP total revenue. Similar to adjusted operating (loss) income, the Company believes that adjusted operating margin is a useful financial measure to both the Company and investors for evaluating its operating performance and that it facilitates period to period comparisons of the Company’s results of operations as the items excluded generally are not a function of the Company’s operating performance.
  • Total Platform Portfolio – The Company defines total platform portfolio as the unpaid principal balance outstanding of all loans facilitated through its platform as of the balance sheet date, including both those loans held for investment and those loans owned by third-parties. The Company believes that total platform portfolio is a useful financial measure to both the Company and investors in assessing the scale of funding requirements for the Company’s network.
  • Equity Capital Required – The Company defines equity capital required as the sum of the balance of loans held for investment and loans held for sale, less the balance of funding debt and notes issued by securitization trusts as of the balance sheet date. The Company believes that equity capital required is a useful financial measure to both the Company and investors in assessing the amount of the Company’s total platform portfolio that the Company funds with its own equity capital.
  • Equity Capital Required as a Percentage of Total Platform Portfolio – The Company defines equity capital required as a percentage of total platform portfolio as equity capital required, as defined above, as a percentage of total platform portfolio, as defined above. The Company believes that equity capital required as a percentage of total platform portfolio is a useful financial measure to both the Company and investors in assessing the proportion of outstanding loans on the Company’s platform that are funded by the Company’s own equity capital.

Supplemental Performance Indicators

  • Active Merchants – The Company defines an active merchant as an integrated merchant which engages in at least one transaction on its platform during the 12 months prior to the measurement date. The Company believes that active merchants is a useful performance indicator to both the Company and investors because it measures the reach of the Company’s network.
  • Total Revenue as a Percentage of GMV – The Company defines total revenue as a percentage of GMV as GAAP total revenue as a percentage of GMV, as defined above. The Company believes that total revenue as a percentage of GMV is a useful performance indicator to both the Company and investors of the revenue generated on a transaction processed on the Company’s platform.
  • Allowance for Credit Losses as a Percentage of Loans Held for Investment – The Company defines allowance for credit losses as a percentage of loans held for investment as GAAP allowance for credit losses as a percentage of GAAP loans held for investment. The Company believes that allowance for credit losses as a percentage of loans held for investment is a useful performance indicator to both the Company and investors of the future estimated credit losses on the Company’s outstanding loans held for investment.

     

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement the Company’s interim condensed consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”), the Company presents the following non-GAAP financial measures: transaction costs, transaction costs as a percentage of GMV, revenue less transaction costs, revenue less transaction costs as a percentage of GMV, adjusted operating (loss) income, adjusted operating margin, total platform portfolio, equity capital required, and equity capital required as a percentage of total platform portfolio. Definitions of these non-GAAP financial measures are included under “Key Operating Metrics, Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Supplemental Performance Indicators” above, and reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures with the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are included in the tables below.

Summaries of the reasons why the Company believes that the presentation of each of these non-GAAP financial measures provides useful information to the Company and investors are included under “Key Operating Metrics, Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Supplemental Performance Indicators” above. In addition, the Company uses these non-GAAP financial measures in conjunction with financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP for planning purposes, including the preparation of its annual operating budget, and for evaluating the effectiveness of its business strategy. However, these non-GAAP financial measures are presented for supplemental informational purposes only, and these non-GAAP financial measures have limitations as analytical tools. Some of these limitations are as follows:

  • Revenue less transaction costs and revenue less transaction costs as a percentage of GMV are not intended to be measures of operating profit or loss as they exclude key operating expenses such as technology and data analytics, sales and marketing, and general and administrative expenses;
  • Adjusted operating (loss) income and adjusted operating margin exclude certain recurring, non-cash charges such as depreciation and amortization, although the assets being depreciated and amortized may need to be replaced in the future, and share-based compensation expense, which has been, and will continue to be for the foreseeable future, a significant recurring expense and an important part of the Company’s compensation strategy; and
  • Other companies, including companies in the same industry, may calculate these non-GAAP financial measures differently from how the Company calculates them or not at all, which reduces its usefulness as a comparative measure.

Accordingly, investors should not consider these non-GAAP financial measures in isolation or as substitutes for analysis of the Company’s financial results as reported under GAAP, and these non-GAAP measures should be considered along with other operating and financial performance measures presented in accordance with GAAP. Investors are encouraged to review the related GAAP financial measures and the reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures and not rely on any single financial measure to evaluate the business.

Cautionary Note About Forward-Looking Statements

This document contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that involve risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including statements regarding: the Company’s strategy and future operations; the Company’s future financial position, gross market value, revenue, transaction costs, operating income, provision for credit losses, and cash flows; and general economic trends and trends in the Company’s industry and markets. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that may cause the Company’s actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

Risks, uncertainties and assumptions include factors relating to: the Company’s need to attract additional merchants and consumers and retain and grow its relationships with existing merchants and consumers; its need to maintain a consistently high level of consumer satisfaction and trust in its brand; the concentration of a large percentage of its revenue with a single merchant partner; its ability to sustain its revenue growth rate or the growth rate of its related key operating metrics; the highly competitive nature of its industry; the terms of its agreement with one of its originating bank partners; its existing funding arrangements that may not be renewed or replaced or its existing funding sources that may be unwilling or unable to provide funding to it on terms acceptable to it, or at all; its ability to effectively underwrite loans facilitated through its platform and accurately price credit risk; the performance of loans facilitated through its platform; changes in market interest rates; its securitizations, warehouse credit facilities and forward flow agreements; the impact on its business of general economic conditions, the financial performance of its merchants, and fluctuations in the U.S. consumer credit market; its ability to grow effectively through acquisitions or other strategic investments or alliances; its plans to expand its operations internationally; the potential impact of any cyber-attacks, misconduct, computer viruses, or physical or electronic break-ins that it might experience; its business being subject extensive regulation, examination, and oversight in a variety of areas; and other risks that are described in its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2020 and in its other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

These forward-looking statements reflect the Company’s views with respect to future events as of the date hereof and are based on assumptions and subject to risks and uncertainties. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

Contacts

Investor Relations

ir@affirm.com

Media

press@affirm.com

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